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Retinal arterial macroaneurysms: clinical, angiographic, and tomographic description and therapeutic management of a series of 14 cases

Abstract

Purpose

To describe clinical, angiographic, and tomographic features and the therapeutic management of patients with retinal arterial macroaneurysm (RAM).

Methods

Retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with RAM between January 2011 and September 2014 in Professor Sahel’s Department of Ophthalmology, Rothschild Foundation. Retinal arterial macroaneurysms were classified as hemorrhagic, exudative, or quiescent. Patient demographics and comorbidities were recorded. All patients underwent complete ophthalmologic examination including initial and final visual acuity (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study chart), slit-lamp biomicroscopy, fundus examination, color and autofluorescence fundus imaging, fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Treatments were recorded.

Results

Fourteen RAMs of 14 patients were included: 9 hemorrhagic and 5 exudative. The most severe clinical picture was associated with the hemorrhagic form. Exudative cases had a progressive onset and a better visual prognosis. Direct laser photocoagulation was performed in 4 cases, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) intravitreal injection in 4 cases, combined treatment (YAG laser + argon laser + anti-VEGF intravitreal injection) in 1 case, and 5 cases received no treatment.

Conclusions

Retinal arterial macroaneurysm management should be specialized and rapid. Multimodal imaging should be performed for classifying it, assessing its prognosis and determining the most suitable treatment.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2016; 26(1): 36 - 43

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5000641

Authors

Armelle Cahuzac, Claire Scemama, Martine Mauget-Faÿsse, José-Alain Sahel, Benjamin Wolff

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • From Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild, Paris - France

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