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Early results of dexamethasone implant, ranibizumab, and triamcinolone in macular edema due to branch retinal vein occlusion

Abstract

Purpose

To compare the short-term results of the efficacy and safety of dexamethasone intravitreal implant (DEX), ranibizumab (RAN), and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) in macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO).

Methods

One eye each of 32 patients who were treated with intravitreal injections for macular edema secondary to BRVO was studied. This retrospective study included 3 groups. The patients received DEX in group 1 (n = 11), RAN in group 2 (n = 11), and IVTA in group 3 (n = 10). Data were collected before and after the injections at the first and third months. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central macular thickness (CMT), and intraocular pressure (IOP) were analyzed statistically.

Results

The median duration of the follow-up was 3.0 months in overall groups. The BCVA increased significantly in all groups (p = 0.018, p = 0.034, p = 0.014, respectively). The CMT increased significantly in groups 1 and 3 (p = 0.02, p<0.001, respectively), but not in group 2 (p = 0.14). The IOP increased significantly in groups 1 and 3 (p = 0.05, p<0.001, respectively). Antiglaucomatous treatment was required only in group 3. Cataract developed in 2 patients (20%) in group 3 and surgery was required.

Conclusions

Although RAN was the safest among the 3 agents, DEX and IVTA reduced CMT more than RAN, while significant improvement was achieved in BCVA in all groups. All 3 agents can be effectively used in the treatment of macular edema due to BRVO.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2016; 26(1): 54 - 59

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5000637

Authors

Erhan Yumusak, Nesrin Buyuktortop, Kemal Ornek

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Ophthalmology, Kırıkkale University Faculty of Medicine, Kırıkkale - Turkey

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