To compare the short-term results of the efficacy and safety of dexamethasone intravitreal implant (DEX), ranibizumab (RAN), and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) in macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO).
One eye each of 32 patients who were treated with intravitreal injections for macular edema secondary to BRVO was studied. This retrospective study included 3 groups. The patients received DEX in group 1 (n = 11), RAN in group 2 (n = 11), and IVTA in group 3 (n = 10). Data were collected before and after the injections at the first and third months. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central macular thickness (CMT), and intraocular pressure (IOP) were analyzed statistically.
The median duration of the follow-up was 3.0 months in overall groups. The BCVA increased significantly in all groups (p = 0.018, p = 0.034, p = 0.014, respectively). The CMT increased significantly in groups 1 and 3 (p = 0.02, p<0.001, respectively), but not in group 2 (p = 0.14). The IOP increased significantly in groups 1 and 3 (p = 0.05, p<0.001, respectively). Antiglaucomatous treatment was required only in group 3. Cataract developed in 2 patients (20%) in group 3 and surgery was required.
Although RAN was the safest among the 3 agents, DEX and IVTA reduced CMT more than RAN, while significant improvement was achieved in BCVA in all groups. All 3 agents can be effectively used in the treatment of macular edema due to BRVO.
Eur J Ophthalmol 2016; 26(1): 54 - 59
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsErhan Yumusak, Nesrin Buyuktortop, Kemal Ornek
- • Accepted on 18/05/2015
- • Available online on 11/06/2015
- • Published in print on 01/12/2015