To determine the prevalence of trabecular-iris contact (TIC) and quantify this contact in healthy Caucasian individuals using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT).
For this cross-sectional study, 2,012 eyes of 1,006 healthy subjects were recruited among individuals undergoing a routine ophthalmologic checkup. In each participant, age, sex, intraocular pressure, and spherical refractive error were first recorded along with anterior chamber depth and volume, central corneal thickness measured with the Pentacam, and axial length with the IOLMaster. Anterior chamber angle variables and the presence of TIC in the horizontal quadrants were determined by anterior segment FD-OCT (RTVue 100®). When TIC was observed, TIC length (TICL) and its percentage in relation to the length of the trabecular meshwork (TICL percentage) were also measured.
Trabecular-iris contact in the horizontal quadrants was observed in 34 eyes of 25 patients, representing 1.6% of the total number of eyes examined. In this subgroup of individuals, mean age was 55.8 years, 84% were women, and spherical refractive error ranged from -0.25 to 8.25 D. Eyes with TIC showed an angle width of less than 23.2 degrees and axial length shorter than 23.7 mm. Mean TICL was 239 ± 79 μm (103-495 μm) and mean TICL percentage was 46.9% ± 13.9% (17.2%-76.3%).
The prevalence of TIC was low in this population. Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography emerged as useful to assess its prevalence and quantify the extent of TIC.
Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(4): 417 - 422
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsJosé Ignacio Fernández-Vigo, Lucía De-Pablo-Gómez-De-Liaño, Cristina Fernández-Vigo, Inés Sánchez-Guillén, Enrique Santos-Bueso, José María Martínez-de-la-Casa, Julián García-Feijóo, José Ángel Fernández-Vigo
- • Accepted on 27/11/2016
- • Available online on 16/12/2016
- • Published in print on 26/06/2017
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- Fernández-Vigo, José Ignacio [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1, 2, * Corresponding Author (email@example.com)
- De-Pablo-Gómez-De-Liaño, Lucía [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Fernández-Vigo, Cristina [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Sánchez-Guillén, Inés [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Santos-Bueso, Enrique [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Martínez-de-la-Casa, José María [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- García-Feijóo, Julián [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Fernández-Vigo, José Ángel [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2, 3
Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario Clínico San Carlos, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria San Carlos (IdISSC), Madrid - Spain
Centro Internacional de Oftalmología Avanzada, Madrid - Spain
Department of Ophthalmology, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz - Spain