To assess the choroidal thickness in different degrees of myopia using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) compared with healthy subjects.
We included 240 patients with myopia and 60 emmetropes as controls. Participants underwent full ophthalmologic examination, axial length measurement, and EDI-OCT imaging of the choroid. Choroidal thickness (CT) was measured at 5 locations, including subfoveal (SFCT), 2 mm nasal, temporal, upper, and lower to fovea.
Choroidal thickness was significantly lower in myopic eyes compared to controls. Regardless of the degree of myopia, nasal regions showed the lowest CT with decremental pattern with advance of myopia (low myopia 279.00 ± 24.50 µm, moderate myopia 269.58 ± 20.69 µm, high myopia 189.58 ± 25.95 µm, advanced myopia 96.75 ± 24.83 µm). Highest CT was variable according to the degree of myopia with decremental pattern with advance of myopia (low myopia in subfoveal region 354.40 ± 35.14 µm, moderate myopia in temporal region 337.87 ± 35.75 µm, high myopia in lower region 312.15 ± 38.90 µm, and advanced myopia in upper region 201.25 ± 18.27 µm). Axial length showed significant negative correlation with SFCT and CT in different studied regions.
Different degrees of myopia showed thinner choroidal thickness than that of normal control eyes with decremental thinning with progress of myopia. This might be secondary to the longer axial length, which was the determining factor in some locations such as subfoveal, nasal, and upper CT.
Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(5): 577 - 584
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsAmany A. El-Shazly, Yousra A. Farweez, Marwa E. ElSebaay, Walid M.A. El-Zawahry
- • Accepted on 09/01/2017
- • Available online on 21/03/2017
- • Published in print on 30/08/2017
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- El-Shazly, Amany A. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] , * Corresponding Author (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Farweez, Yousra A. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- ElSebaay, Marwa E. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- El-Zawahry, Walid M.A. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo - Egypt