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Factors influencing intravitreal bevacizumab and triamcinolone treatment in patients with diabetic macular edema

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate factors associated with response to intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) in diabetic macular edema (DME).

Methods

Ninety-one eyes of 88 patients diagnosed with DME were enrolled in this retrospective chart review. Group 1 included eyes that showed good response to IVB. Group 2 included eyes that did not respond to IVB but responded to IVTA. Group 3 included eyes that responded to neither. Clinical factors, HbA1c, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings including patterns of macular edema were compared among the 3 groups.

Results

A total of 44, 27, and 20 eyes were included in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. HbA1c was higher in group 3 than in the other groups. Proportion of full (combination of all patterns) type edema was higher in group 3 than in the other 2 groups. In group 1, the proportion of sponge-like diffuse retinal thickening type was higher and cystoid macular edema type was lower than in the other groups.

Conclusions

The degree of diabetic control and morphologic subtypes with OCT should be considered to better predict the prognosis after treatment in DME.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(6): 746 - 750

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5000974

Authors

Tai K. Kim, Hye Y. Shin, Su Y. Kim, Young C. Lee, Mee Y. Lee

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Uijeongbu St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Uijeongbu-si, Gyeonggi-do - Korea

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