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Choroidal characteristics of acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography

Abstract

Purpose

Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is an idiopathic disorder characterized by serous detachments of the neurosensory retina and/or the retinal pigment epithelium affecting the macular area in the majority of cases. The objective of this study was to describe choroidal findings in patients with acute and chronic CSC based on enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography analysis.

Methods

This is a cross-sectional, noninterventional study performed at Luigi Sacco University Hospital of Milan. Inclusion criteria were the presence of diagnosed (acute or chronic) CSC and being 18 years or older. Patients were evaluated with Spectralis spectral-domain optical coherence tomography enhanced depth imaging by 2 operators. The main features analyzed were intrachoroidal hyperreflective spots and hyperreflective choroidal vessel walls, as actual measurements of wall thickness could not be performed.

Results

Patients with chronic CSC had hyperreflective spots in 83.3% of the cases and hyperreflective choroidal vessel walls in 75%, whereas patients with acute course had the same alterations in 33% and 6.7% of cases, respectively.

Conclusions

These findings, if proven, may be indicative of chronic forms, thus guiding more accurate treatments and guiding clinicians through more accurate prognosis.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(4): 476 - 480

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5000796

Authors

Jorge Ruiz-Medrano, Marco Pellegrini, Matteo G. Cereda, Mario Cigada, Giovanni Staurenghi

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Eye Clinic, Department of Clinical Science “Luigi Sacco”, University of Milano, Luigi Sacco Hospital, Milan - Italy
  • Ophthalmology Unit, Clínico San Carlos University Hospital, Madrid - Spain

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