Advertisement

Prevalence of eyelid laxity and its association with ophthalmic findings and disease severity in patients with keratoconus

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the prevalence of eyelid laxity and quantify eyelid measurements in normal and keratoconic eyes and the correlations of these findings with ophthalmic parameters and disease severity in patients with keratoconus (KC).

Methods

In a prospective case-control study, prevalence of eyelid laxity and eyelid measurements were evaluated in 53 patients with KC and the same number of matched healthy controls. The eyelid measurements were compared between the groups, as well as mean keratometry (K), central and thinnest corneal thickness (CCT and TCT), astigmatism, manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and severity of KC according to the Keratoconus Severity Score.

Results

Prevalence of eyelid laxity was 71.7% (38 patients) in patients with KC and 20.8% (11 patients) in normal participants (p<0.001, odds ratio 9.673 [95% confidence interval 3.959 to 23.631]). Comparison of the eyelid measurements in the patients with KC with and without eyelid laxity revealed significantly higher measurements of anterior eyelid distraction test, Hertel exophthalmometry measurements, lateral canthal angle to orbital rim and tendon movement, palpebral fissure width, retraction test (lower eyelid), and vertical lid pull (upper eyelid) in patients with KC with eyelid laxity (p<0.05). No significant difference was found regarding mean K, CCT, TCT, astigmatism, MRSE, or BCVA values of the patients with KC with and without eyelid laxity (p>0.05). Moreover, severity of KC was not associated with the presence of eyelid laxity or eyelid measurements (p>0.05).

Conclusions

Higher prevalence and greater eyelid laxity were found in patients with KC compared to healthy participants. However, eyelid laxity was not associated with severity of KC.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(6): 670 - 674

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5000937

Authors

Mohammad Naderan, Ali Jahanrad, Mahgol Farjadnia

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

This article is available as full text PDF.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • Article price: Eur 36,00
  • You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.
  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal
  • Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.

Authors

Affiliations

  • School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran - Iran
  • AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran - Iran
  • School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran - Iran

Article usage statistics

The blue line displays unique views in the time frame indicated.
The yellow line displays unique downloads.
Views and downloads are counted only once per session.

No supplementary material is available for this article.