Advertisement

Sequential tissue plasminogen activator, pneumatic displacement, and anti-VEGF treatment for submacular hemorrhage

Abstract

Purpose

To report the results of our sequential intravitreal (IV) tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), pneumatic displacement (PD), and IV anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD)-related submacular hemorrhage (SMH).

Methods

A total of 16 eyes of 16 patients with SMH of less than 15 days duration were included in this retrospective pilot study. The tPA was applied on the day of diagnosis, and PD was performed the following day. Patients received 3 consecutive monthly IV injections of ranibizumab starting from 15 days after PD. During the follow-ups, additional ranibizumab treatment was performed if persistent macular or recurrent subretinal or intraretinal fluid hemorrhage was observed.

Results

The mean central retinal thickness was 489 ± 92 μm (311-621 μm) at the time of diagnosis, 324 ± 56 μm (209-409 μm) at the first month, 262 ± 48 μm (197-364 μm) at 3 months, 248 ± 40 μm (190-334 μm) at 6 months, and 253 ± 41 μm (192-356 μm) at the last control (p<0.01). The mean best-corrected visual acuity was 2.08 ± 0.79 logMAR (0.7-3.0 logMAR) at baseline, 1.41 ± 0.70 logMAR (0.56-2.50 logMAR) at the first month, 1.21 ± 0.66 logMAR (0.3-2.0 logMAR) at 3 months, 1.14 ± 0.77 logMAR (0.2-2.50 logMAR) at 6 months, and 1.09 ± 0.73 logMAR (0.3-2.50 logMAR) at the last follow-up (p<0.01).

Conclusions

Sequential IV tPA, PD, and IV anti-VEGF treatments for SMH in patients with nAMD is effective. However, further studies are needed to establish the best treatment algorithm for SMH in patients with nAMD.

Post author correction

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Article Subject: Retina MED

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5001074

Authors

Handan Bardak, Yavuz Bardak, Yeşim Erçalık, Burak Erdem, Gökhan Arslan, Semrin Timlioglu

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

This article is available as full text PDF.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • Article price: Eur 36,00
  • You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.
  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal
  • Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.

Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Ophthalmology, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul - Turkey

Article usage statistics

The blue line displays unique views in the time frame indicated.
The yellow line displays unique downloads.
Views and downloads are counted only once per session.

No supplementary material is available for this article.