To analyze the impact of different incision sizes for phacoemulsification on corneal higher-order aberrations (HOA).
Patients seeking cataract surgery were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: 1.4 mm with biaxial microincision phacoemulsification (25 eyes), 1.8 mm with coaxial phacoemulsification (27 eyes), and 2.2 mm with coaxial phacoemulsification (62 eyes). Inclusion criteria were a minimum age of 18 years and uncomplicated cataract. Exclusion criteria were history of ocular trauma or intraocular surgery, any sign of inflammation or infection, pseudoexfoliation syndrome, glaucoma, optic atrophy, diabetic retinopathy, lens dislocation, cataracta intumescens, cataracta matura, and corneal diseases. Patients underwent phacoemulsification with implantation of an intraocular lens. Aberrometry was performed using an iTrace aberrometer with a pupil scan size of 5.0 mm preoperatively and at postoperative follow-up visits after 1 month. The paired sample
Ninety patients (114 eyes) were enrolled (mean age 73.7 ± 8.9 years). In all groups, an increase of total HOAs could be measured. The strongest increase was seen in the 2.2 mm group (mean difference 0.031 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.006-0.056], p = 0.014) and in the 1.4 mm group (mean difference 0.035 [95% CI -0.007 to 0078], p = 0.097). No important difference was found in the 1.8 mm group.
The 2.2 mm and the 1.4 mm incisions seem to have a higher impact on corneal HOAs in comparison to the 1.8 mm incision.
Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(4): 402 - 406
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsChristoph von Sonnleithner, Daniel Pilger, David Homburg, Tobias Brockmann, Necip Torun, Eckart Bertelmann
- • Accepted on 31/08/2016
- • Available online on 27/10/2016
- • Published in print on 26/06/2017
This article is available as full text PDF.
- von Sonnleithner, Christoph [PubMed] [Google Scholar] , * Corresponding Author (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Pilger, Daniel [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Homburg, David [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Brockmann, Tobias [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Torun, Necip [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Bertelmann, Eckart [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Department of Ophthalmology, Charité-Medical University Berlin, Campus Virchow, Berlin - Germany
Christoph von Sonnleithner and Daniel Pilger contributed equally to this work.