To evaluate the safety and efficacy of accelerated corneal crosslinking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus aged 18 years or less.
A total of 28 eyes from 19 patients with progressive keratoconus aged 18 years or less were enrolled. We divided participants into 2 groups according to corneal thickness (CT). Group 1 included 13 eyes of 8 patients with CT ≥450 µm; group 2 included 15 eyes of 11 patients with CT <450 µm. Each participant underwent accelerated CXL using 10-minute ultraviolet A irradiance at 9 mW/cm2 for a total energy dose of 5.4 J/cm2. The efficacy and safety of the procedure were assessed postoperatively at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months with Pentacam and visual acuity.
In uncorrected visual acuity, group 1 showed a statistically significant +0.12 logMAR improvement at 3 months postoperatively (p = 0.003), and in group 2, there was a statistically significant +0.3 logMAR improvement at 1 month postoperatively (p = 0.005). In best-corrected visual acuity, there was a +0.15 logMAR (p<0.001) and +0.22 logMAR (p = 0.005) improvement in group 1 and group 2, respectively, at 12 months postoperatively. All mean keratometric values including K1 and K2 dropped by at least 1 D or remained stable (< ± 1 D) in both groups after accelerated CXL treatment.
The findings showed that accelerated CXL treatment seems to be effective in slowing or halting the progression of keratoconus and that no permanent apparent complications are noted 6 months after accelerated CXL.
Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(3): 319 - 325
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsDöndü M. Ulusoy, Emre Göktaş, Necati Duru, Ayşe Özköse, Mustafa Ataş, İsa Yuvacı, Hasan B. Arifoğlu, Gökmen Zararsız
- • Accepted on 01/07/2016
- • Available online on 20/07/2016
- • Published in print on 11/05/2017
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- Ulusoy, Döndü M. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1, * Corresponding Author (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Göktaş, Emre [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Duru, Necati [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Özköse, Ayşe [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Ataş, Mustafa [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Yuvacı, İsa [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Arifoğlu, Hasan B. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Zararsız, Gökmen [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
Department of Ophthalmology, Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, Kayseri - Turkey
Department of Biostatistics, Erciyes University, Kayseri - Turkey