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Comparison of adjustable sutures versus nonadjustable sutures in intermittent exotropia

Abstract

Purpose

To compare adjustable sutures versus nonadjustable sutures for intermittent exotropia.

Methods

In this randomized prospective interventional study, 40 adult patients with intermittent exotropia were randomly divided into 2 equal groups. Both groups underwent bilateral lateral rectus recession. In group A, adjustable suture recession was performed, and in group B, nonadjustable suture recession was performed. Patients were followed up for 6 months and outcome measures were residual deviation, binocular status, and need for resurgery.

Results

Success was defined as alignment of 2 eyes <10 prism diopters (PD) of deviation at the end of 12 weeks. Need for resurgery in a 12-week follow-up period was considered to be failure. At the end of the study, 90% of the patients in group A and 85% of the patients were within 10 prism diopters of orthophoria (p = 0.316). At the end of 6 months, mean deviation in group A was 6.20 PD and in group B it was 5.60 PD (p = 0.31). No patient underwent resurgery.

Conclusions

Adjustable hang-back recession has no definite added advantage over nonadjustable hang-back recession in intermittent exotropia.

Post author correction

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Article Subject: Strabismus

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5001063

Authors

Kamlesh, Suresh Babu, Yashpal Goel, Rupak Brahma Chaudhary, Anju Rastogi, Richa Agarwal, Shweta Dhiman, Prateek Kumar, Ankita Bharadwaj

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Guru Nanak Eye Centre, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi - India

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