Advertisement

Long-term visual outcomes in children with primary congenital glaucoma

Abstract

Purpose

To determine the long-term visual outcomes and risk factors for visual loss in children with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) who underwent angle surgery over a 21-year period.

Methods

This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent trabeculotomy, trabeculectomy, or combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy for PCG. Visual acuity (VA), surgeries, and underlying cause of visual impairment were recorded and compared. Main outcome measures were final best-corrected good VA (20/20 to 20/50), moderate VA (<20/50 to 20/200), or poor VA (<20/200); age at surgery, sex, laterality, type of initial glaucoma surgery, and number of surgeries were recorded.

Results

Fifty-three eyes were eligible to be included in the study. The mean logMAR VA was 0.61 ± 0.57. A good VA was attained in 51%, moderate VA in 30%, and poor VA in 19%. The main cause of visual impairment with VA <20/50 was deprivation amblyopia (64%). There was no association between VA level and status of success (controlled with or without medications) (p = 0.202). The mean spherical equivalent of refraction was -4.47 ± 5.66; myopia was the predominant refractive error (74%) and astigmatism >2 D (40%). A statistically significant high myopic shift was more frequent in the visually impaired group. None of the studied factors was statistically associated with moderate to poor visual outcome (all p>0.05).

Conclusions

A favorable VA outcome was achieved. Topical antiglaucoma medication has an adjuvant role in maintaining the success rate of surgery without risking the visual outcome. Corneal opacification and anisometropia were the cause of amblyopia.

Post author correction

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Article Subject: Glaucoma

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5000976

Authors

Sanaa A. Yassin

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

This article is available as full text PDF.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • Article price: Eur 36,00
  • You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.
  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal
  • Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.

Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Ophthalmology, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (Formerly University of Dammam), Al-Khobar - Saudi Arabia

Article usage statistics

The blue line displays unique views in the time frame indicated.
The yellow line displays unique downloads.
Views and downloads are counted only once per session.

No supplementary material is available for this article.