To evaluate performance of different intraocular lenses (IOLs) after cataract surgery in children aged less than 2 years with regards to rates of visual axis opacification (VAO).
This was a retrospective chart review of children <2 years of age undergoing cataract surgery with primary posterior capsulotomy, anterior vitrectomy, and IOL over a period of 5 years with minimum follow-up of 1 year at a tertiary care institute. Children with microphthalmos, persistent fetal vasculature, traumatic cataract, aphakia, secondary IOLs, or any other coexisting ocular disease were excluded.
A total of 257 eyes of 159 children were included in the study. The mean age at the time of surgery was 11.63 ± 7.916 months (range 6-23 months). A total of 29 eyes of 16 children underwent phacoaspiration with implantation of SA60 AT (AcrySof, Alcon, Fort Worth, TX); 75 eyes of 45 children received Hoya IOL (Hoya-PS AF-1 Series, Model PC-60AD, Hoya, Japan), 70 eyes of 46 patients received Sensar (Abbott Medical Optics Inc., Santa Ana, CA, USA), and 83 eyes of 52 children received MA60AC (AcrySof). At mean follow-up of 18.31 ± 15.04 months, 22.46% of the patients required resurgery for visual axis obscuration. By multiple regression analysis, the rate of visual axis obscuration was affected by the rate of perioperative complications (p = 0.001) and not affected by age (p = 0.98), type of IOL (p = 0.104), or site of IOL implantation (p = 0.603).
Our findings suggest comparable rates of VAO for children less than 2 years of age receiving different types of hydrophobic acrylic IOLs.
Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(6): 711 - 715
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsJaspreet Sukhija, Savleen Kaur, Jagat Ram, Sonam Yangzes, Siddharth Madan, Jitender Jinagal
- • Accepted on 20/03/2017
- • Available online on 13/04/2017
- • Published in print on 08/11/2017
This article is available as full text PDF.
- Sukhija, Jaspreet [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Kaur, Savleen [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Ram, Jagat [PubMed] [Google Scholar] , * Corresponding Author (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Yangzes, Sonam [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Madan, Siddharth [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Jinagal, Jitender [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Department of Ophthalmology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - India