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Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract in vitreoretinal surgery

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the safety and surgical results of femtosecond laser-assisted phacovitrectomy.

Methods

Fifteen patients over 50 years of age with coexisting vitreoretinal pathologies and cataract underwent combined femtosecond laser-assisted cataract extraction and sutureless 25-G and 27-G vitreoretinal surgery.

Results

The indication for surgery was macular hole in 6 patients, epiretinal membrane in 6, vitreous hemorrhage in 2, and retinal detachment in 1. The mean preoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.64 ± 0.23 logMAR and the mean postoperative BCVA was 0.19 ± 0.11 logMAR. In 4 patients with epiretinal membrane with corneal astigmatism of 3.35 ± 0.32 D as mean value, a toric intraocular lens (IOL) was implanted: mean residual refractive cylinder was 0.47 ± 0.23 D. Three months postoperatively, mean IOL rotation was 1.64 ± 0.28°. All patients improved their visual acuity. The intraoperative complications of femtosecond laser were 1 subconjunctival hemorrhage, 1 case of miosis, and 1 suction loss. The surgeon was able to maintain a clear view of the retina at all times. After surgery, a better fundus examination was possible with no capsular opacification. Mean follow-up was 6 months.

Conclusions

Femtosecond laser cataract in vitreoretinal surgery appears a safe and effective technique with potential benefits: the precision and centration of the capsulorhexis may potentially reduce the risk of IOL prolapse into the anterior chamber in gas-filled eyes. Implantation of the toric IOL was effective in reducing preexisting corneal astigmatism and provided good rotational stability and refractive outcome.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(5): 565 - 568

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5000986

Authors

Stanislao Rizzo, Daniela Bacherini, Francesco Faraldi, Marco Pellegrini, Cesare Mariotti

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

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Authors

Affiliations

  •  Eye Clinic, Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Florence - Italy
  •  Turin Ophthalmic Hospital, Turin - Italy
  •  Ophthalmology Unit, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Teaching Hospital, Bologna - Italy
  •  Ophthalmology Clinic, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona - Italy

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