Large choroidal excavation in a patient with rubella retinopathy



To describe a case of rubella retinopathy complicated by bilateral choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and late development of large choroidal excavation (LCE).


A 19-year-old woman with a diagnosis of rubella retinopathy underwent her annual ophthalmologic examination, including visual acuity testing and slit-lamp biomicroscopy with dilated fundus examination. Color fundus photography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans, and optical coherence tomography angiography were acquired to complete the investigation of her ocular condition. The main findings are described in this case report.


This woman came to our attention in 2010 with a history of rubella retinopathy, complicated by bilateral CNV and treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT) in 2006. After 6 years of annual follow-up examinations, her visual acuity remained stable in both eyes (20/100), whereas SD-OCT scans uncovered the development of a bilateral LCE in the macular area, associated with a macular hole in the right eye. Optical coherence tomography angiography revealed a vascular network surrounding the choroidal excavation.


Large choroidal excavation is a rare finding that has been described in few chorioretinal diseases, e.g., North Carolina macular dystrophy and toxoplasmosis. We propose to include rubella retinopathy complicated by CNV in the differential diagnosis of LCE, although we recognize the possibility that PDT might have induced or facilitated its formation.

Post author correction

Article Type: CASE REPORT

Article Subject: Retina MED



Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Francesco Romano, Marco Montagna, Francesco Bandello

Article History


Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

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  • Department of Ophthalmology, Vita-Salute University, Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan - Italy

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