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Effect of intravitreal aflibercept on central retinal arterial blood flow in type 1 retinopathy of prematurity

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the blood flow changes of the central retinal artery measured with color Doppler imaging (CDI) in infants receiving intravitreal aflibercept (IVA) for treatment of type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

Methods

Patients with type 1 ROP were assessed prospectively by CDI following IVA. Color Doppler imaging was used to measure the peak systolic velocity, end diastolic velocity (EDV), pulsatility index (PI), and resistivity index (RI) of the central retinal artery (CRA) before IVA injection and 1 hour, 1 week, and 1 month after injection.

Results

A total of 29 eyes of 15 infants were included in this study. The mean gestational age at birth was 28.62 ± 2.48 weeks and the mean birthweight was 1,198.62 ± 348.99 g. All treated eyes showed complete regression of ROP and peripheral retinal vascularization continued. Measurements of EDV-CRA, RI-CRA, and PI-CRA showed significant changes after IVA treatment.

Conclusions

This study showed that IVA is an effective treatment for type 1 ROP. After IVA treatment, vascular resistance increases, ocular blood flow decreases, and changes in hemodynamic parameters of CRA may remain for a month. Further studies are needed to evaluate the effect of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents on ocular hemodynamics in infants with ROP.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(6): 751 - 755

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5000938

Authors

Emine A. Sukgen, Gökhan Söker, Yusuf Koçluk, Bozkurt Gülek

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Ophthalmology, Turkish Republic Ministry of Health Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana - Turkey
  • Department of Radyodiagnosis, Turkish Republic Ministry of Health Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana - Turkey

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