Advertisement

Statistics of TNO stereotest for the diagnosis of microesotropia in children

Abstract

Purpose

To analyze statistically the real effectiveness of TNO stereotest for the diagnosis of microesotropia in young patients in daily practice.

Methods

We considered 312 patients whose age ranged from 3 to 18 years (mean age 7.5 years) suspected to be microesotropic. All underwent a full orthoptic and ophthalmologic examination. The TNO stereotest was presented at a distance of 40 cm with the patient wearing red-green glasses. The Paliaga 8-D base-in test was considered the gold standard diagnostic test to detect microesotropia.

Results

The specificity of the TNO stereotest from the collected data was 98%, the sensitivity 94%, the positive predictive value 80%, the negative predictive value 99%, and the likelihood ratio 47.

Conclusions

It is important to use the TNO stereotest in clinical daily practice to detect microesotropia, but considering some bias: the age of the young patients, the difficulties encountered in understanding some figures, and the presence of a stereoscopic status even in microtropic subjects.

Post author correction

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Article Subject: Strabismus

DOI:10.5301/ejo.5001064

Authors

Andrea C. Piantanida, Manuela Spera, Roberta Nobili, Giulia Gerosa

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

This article is available as full text PDF.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • Article price: Eur 36,00
  • You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.
  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal
  • Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.

Authors

Affiliations

  • Centro Oculistico Lariano, Cernobbio (Como) - Italy

Article usage statistics

The blue line displays unique views in the time frame indicated.
The yellow line displays unique downloads.
Views and downloads are counted only once per session.

No supplementary material is available for this article.