To determine the frequency of abnormal head position (AHP) and identify the underlying causes in patients who presented to an ophthalmology clinic due to any ophthalmologic complaint.
The medical records of patients who presented with any ophthalmologic symptoms during a 6-month period were prospectively evaluated. In all, 2,710 patients (1,492 female and 1,218 male) aged 6 months-91 years were included in the study. Each patient underwent complete ophthalmologic evaluation.
Among the 2,710 patients, 30 (1.1%) (7 female and 23 male) with a mean age of 14.62 ± 17.45 years (range 6 months-60 years) had AHP. In total, 24 (80%) of the patients with AHP were aged ≤16 years. The initial complaint in the patients with AHP was ocular misalignment in 18 (60%) patients, AHP in 4 (13.3%), abnormal ocular movements in 4 (13.3%), double vision in 3 (10%), and droopy eyelid in 1 (3.3%). Comitant strabismus, nystagmus, and Duane syndrome were the most common causes of AHP. Other diagnoses included fourth nerve palsy, sixth nerve palsy, Brown syndrome, congenital muscular torticollis, ptosis, and blowout orbital fracture.
The leading underlying causes of AHP in patients who presented to an ophthalmology clinic were ocular and treatable. Of note, in only a minority of these patients AHP was the initial presenting complaint. Clinicians must be aware that observation of any head position that is not normal should prompt additional investigation, as the underlying pathology can cause treatable morbidity or in rare instances mortality, such as in cases of acute cranial nerve palsy.
Eur J Ophthalmol 2017; 27(4): 491 - 494
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsKadriye Erkan Turan, Hande Taylan Sekeroglu, Irem Koc, Meltem Kilic, Ali S. Sanac
- • Accepted on 24/10/2016
- • Available online on 02/12/2016
- • Published in print on 26/06/2017
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- Erkan Turan, Kadriye [PubMed] [Google Scholar] , * Corresponding Author (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Taylan Sekeroglu, Hande [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Koc, Irem [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Kilic, Meltem [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Sanac, Ali S. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara - Turkey